The following general principles served as guidelines for the preparation of the more detailed criteria and operational principles outlined further in the section following their list:
- Peacekeeping can be carried out only under the authority of the UN Security Council, or of the CSCE in accordance with the CSCE Document agreed in Helsinki in July 1992 and other relevant CSCE documents.
- Peacekeeping will be carried out on a case-by-case basis and at all times in conformity with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
- Decisions of concerned States or organizations on participation in peacekeeping activities are taken in each specific case in response to a request by the UN or the CSCE.
- It is for the UN or CSCE, through consultations with contributing States and organizations, to define in each case the arrangements for the conduct of a peacekeeping operation, including command relationships.
- Peacekeeping is undertaken in cases of conflict within or among States in support of ongoing efforts to restore peace and stability by a political solution.
- Peacekeeping is intended to complement the political process of dispute resolution and is not a substitute for a negotiated settlement.
- Peacekeeping requires a clear political objective and a precise mandate, as decided by the UN or the CSCE.
Clear and precise mandate: The basis for any mission is a clear and precise mandate of the UN or the CSCE. This mandate is the result of consultations with contributing States and organizations and/or interested parties. It covers all of the elements of the operation to be performed.
Consent of the parties to the conflict: Consent and cooperation of the parties to the conflict are crucial presumptions for a UN peacekeeping operation based on Chapter VI of the UN Charter or for a CSCE peacekeeping operation.
Transparency: The goals and means of implementation of an operation and the relationship between them need to be transparent. An active information policy is necessary to improve the awareness and understanding of international public opinion.
Impartiality: All aspects of an operation need to be conducted impartially, in a manner compatible with the nature of the operation, as defined by its mandate.
Credibility: The contributors to the mission should have the political will and capability to accomplish the objectives of the mandate. Credibility is essential for the success of an operation, and depends on the political determination demonstrated by the international organizations and States concerned. It also depends on the availability of sufficient material resources and on the quality and training of the personnel involved. The planning and execution of a mission must be at all times consistent with its aims and objectives.

Operational principles:
Command and coordination: Unity of command of military forces is crucial. In its organization, the command structure of a peacekeeping operation should take account of the specificity of each operation and of the assets. To be fully effective and efficient, there should be close coordination of all aspects of an operation, including political, civilian, administrative, legal, humanitarian and military points of view.
Use of force: In all types of operations, the extent to which force can be used needs to be clearly defined in the mandate. If authorized, use of force must be carefully controlled, flexible and, at the lowest level consistent with the execution of the mandate. Forces involved in any operation keep the inherent right of self-defence at all times.
Safety of Personnel: Protection of personnel involved in an operation should be inherent in the decision to conduct an operation.
Participation: All member states of the mandating body (UN or CSCE) are qualified to volunteer. The mandating body (UN or CSCE) may invite states or organizations to provide forces or resources. The mandating body (UN or CSCE) is not bound to accept all offers but may choose which offers to accept. The choice of co-operators should take account of cultural, historical and political sensitivities and provide for multinationality of an operation. When States or organizations have been invited to provide forces or resources, the nature or composition of them should be determined in consultation with the mandating body (UN or CSCE).
Financial Considerations: Missions should have adequate financing. In general, costs are the collective responsibility of the member States of the mandating body (UN or CSCE). [11]

[11]- Based on
Last modified: Friday, February 4, 2011, 1:32 PM